Pacifism is opposition to war and violence. The term \"pacifism\" was coined by the French peace campaigner Émile Arnaud (1864–1921) and adopted by other peace activists at the tenth Universal Peace Congress in Glasgow in 1901. A word identifiable is ahimsa, core to Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism. While modern connotations are recent having been concretised in the centuries following the 19th, ancient references abound. The Hindu scripture Mahabharata (circa 800-900 BCE) states.